authentic crannog reconstruction which forms the focal part
of the Scottish Crannog Centre was built by the Scottish Trust
for Underwater Archaeology, or STUA, with the sponsorship and support of many volunteers and grants.
Scottish Trust for Underwater Archaeology (STUA), registered charity number SC018414, was formed to promote the research,
recording, and preservation of Scotland's underwater heritage.
Towards realising these aims the Trust carries out surveys
and excavations, provides training, expertise and advice,
and tries to raise awareness of our underwater heritage through
education, exhibition, and publication.
STUA also liases with statutory and environmental organisations
in an effort to ensure that underwater archaeology is considered
in management and conservation strategies. All work is either
funded through grants and donations or undertaken on a voluntary
basis. The STUA was formerly based at Edinburgh University under the
direction of Dr Nicholas Dixon, Research Fellow in Archaeology. It is now based at the Scottish Crannog Centre at Loch Tay, Perthshire.
into the Iron Age
archaeologists have been exploring the crannogs in Loch Tay
since 1980. The Crannog Centre reconstruction is based on
their excavation results from the 2,500 year old Oakbank
Crannog located off the village of Fearnan.
ancient structural timbers, plant remains, food, utensils,
and even clothing have been remarkably well-preserved by the
cold peaty water. Particularly spectacular are a butter dish
with butter still sticking to the inside of it, and a handful
of sloes with the fruit still intact. Pollen, seeds and even
herbs have also been discovered.
and underwater work will continue on the site to provide the
Scottish Crannog Centre with new discoveries. See also our Current Research section for other STUA projects.
Our next training sessions in underwater archaeology will run in 2014.
further details please
contact the crannog centre
Tel : 01887 830583 Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
On to the Bronze Age
a fluke discovery, our team of underwater archaeologists found
the remains of a log-boat during the experimental building
of the Crannog. The base of the boat and part of one side
were revealed, damaged through erosion. The main part is more
than 10 metres long and about 0.85 m wide. The marks from
the tools used to hollow out the timber are still preserved
in places, particularly at the stern where a deep slot had
been cut for a separate transom or stern-board. The moss that
had been used to caulk this stern-board to prevent leaking
was sampled and identified as Sphagnum pallustre.
log-boat itself was hollowed out from a single oak tree
and it is one of the longest to be found in Scotland.
It is therefore very appropriate that the vessel lies
in the heart of Perthshire, known as Big Tree Country.
We are grateful to the Big Tree Country initiative and
Scotland's Forestry Commission for funding the radiocarbon
dating of the log-boat which averages out at about 1500
BC. Currently we are involved in a project to produce a logboat using replica Bronze Age tools. More
a steering oar and the blade of a paddle have been discovered
at Oakbank Crannog, dating to some 1000 years later
than the logboat mentioned above. As the excavation
continues it is likely that at least one log-boat or
canoe will be discovered there.